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Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Smart Environments - Volume 1, issue 1 - Journals - IOS Press
Available In. Related Books. Description Ambient Intelligence AmI is an emerging paradigm for knowledge discovery, which originally emerged as a design language for invisible computing and smart environments. Topics Covered The many academic areas covered in this publication include, but are not limited to: Agent-based approaches to ambient intelligence Ambient intelligence for smart home environments Applications and experience with deployed systems Communication systems and infrastructure for ambient intelligence Context awareness, sensing, and inference for ambient intelligence Human interaction with autonomous systems Innovative applications of AI to ambient intelligence Interacting with ambient intelligence Mobile Computing Objects, devices, and environments that embody ambient intelligence Security, privacy, and trust in ambient computing Self-adaptive systems Reviews and Testimonials This collection of twenty-six articles on ambient computing, showcases current scholarship in the field of ubiquitous, user-oriented computer interface design.
Ambient Intelligence refers to the environment of computing which is aware and responsive to the presence of human interaction. The aim is to use the space surrounding us in the form of movement, shape and sound recognition and create a system that will be able to recognize all the different scents that are in the environment. Ambient Intelligence builds upon ubiquitous computing and user-centric design. Ubiquitous computing calm technology is the shift, where technology becomes virtually invisible in our everyday life or rather - embedded in our environment whereas it is made typically invisible Weiser, To add another, we could say that Ambient Intelligence has the awareness of specific characteristics of human presence and personality dealing in turn with user needs, responding intelligently and all the while remaining invisible to the user unless necessary and striving to ensure that any interactions should be of minimal effort, easy to understand and ultimately enjoyable.
Now, if you really think about that statement and the checklist of aspects which need to be satisfied — then you could be forgiven for thinking that it is a fantasy. Of course, the vision of Ambient Intelligence is difficult but here in this book is where we can expect to read about the vision becoming a reality. Electronics are now so small and powerful that they can be adapted to fit into almost every possible type of object no matter what the shape or size.
The key to delivering ambient intelligence to users is being able to provide what is wanted, when, where and how it is wanted so that users receive the exact information, at the right time and in the right manner Basten et al. The Roots of Ambient Intelligence Ambient intelligence originated at Philips where in , the board of management of Philips commissioned a number of internal workshops to study different scenarios that would transform the high-volume consumer electronic industry. Philips then joined the Oxygen alliance, an international consortium of industrial partners within the context of the MIT Oxygen project, in where the focus was to develop technology for the computer of the 21st century.
Therefore in , plans were put into action when a feasible and usable facility dedicated to Ambient Intelligence was built Riva. A few of the characteristics that will help in the social acceptance of an Ambient Intelligence system are that it should facilitate human contact, should be easily controllable by users, it should help build up techniques and skills as well as knowledge which in turn will ensure that the quality of work that is produced will be to a higher standard and people should be able to trust the system fully confident that it works correctly Weber et al.
The convergence of computing with telecommunications and multimedia resources will ensure that the means of communicating will increase and help to bring form to the Ambient Intelligence scenarios. In computing, ambient intelligence refers to electronic environments that are sensitive and responsive to the presence of people. Ambient intelligence is a vision on the future of consumer electronics, telecommunications and computing.
It was originally developed in the late s for the time frame — where we shall be surrounded by electronic environments which are sensitive and responsive to people. As these devices grow smaller, more connected and more integrated into our environment, the technology disappears into our surroundings until only the user interface remains perceivable by users. Ambient Intelligence technologies are expected to combine concepts of ubiquitous computing and intelligent systems putting humans in the centre of technological developments.
Embedded system design issues in ambient intelligence
It calls for the development of multi-sensorial interfaces which are supported by computing and networking technologies present everywhere and embedded in everyday objects. It also requires new tools and business models for service development and provision and for content creation and delivery.
The field of Ambient Intelligence endeavours to provide an understanding of the complexities in interacting more naturally with computers.
Fields from distributed computing, human computer interaction, ubiquitous computing, embedded systems and other interdisciplinary areas all contribute to this science. Ambient Intelligence researchers in the field often share a common interest in gaining greater insights into the convergence of pervasive computing, intelligent systems research and context awareness, independent of research methods.
Watch this space! The Future for Ambient Intelligence to look to the future, I guess we can do worse than to look at the past and current uses of Ambient Intelligence. Therefore, some of the ways ambient intelligence has been applied has been through entertainment, advertising and home-automation. Philips have created some wonderful experiences through colours that change whilst watching a movie to intensify the mood of the scene such as.
Another ambient technology known as AmBX took the concept of the Ambilight lighting and added more multi-sensory to the experience through adding a new type of surround sound, vibration, air movement and some other effects such as delivering an immersive experience for gaming through the integration of games and peripherals working in harmony together. Ambient intelligence because of it interactivity with the user is an attractive medium to advertisers.
One such Intelligent Advertising project is AdSwitch which is designed to change when someone approaches the advert as their gender and age will be determined to evaluate an advertisement suitable to the user.
For instance, as the elderly woman moves to the head of the queue, she is shown the advert for retirement homes and when the teenage boy heads the queue, some computer games adverts will play. This could be a large step forward for the advertising industry as not all adverts are able to reach their potential customers and now advertisers can target the correct market as the advert will adapt to the changing environment. The application of Ambient Intelligence in the Home Automation field is likely to continue as it can be simply allowed to disappear into the environment without home owners having to notice it carrying out the complex instructions that would make lives easier.
It is also likely that newer methods of interacting with the interfaces will be a hot area for some time to come as speech and touch have specific limitations.
It can be argued that one of the main reasons that ambient intelligence has not been implemented widely today is due to the constraints that come with it. For instance, to have every object made intelligent requires mass produced nano components yet nanotechnology is complex and hard to work with, the time it takes to develop devices with nano technology is much longer due to the fact that everything that is in the design must be built on a very small. There is also the aspect of security with Ambient Intelligence and if people are not willing to trust the ambient technology then it will fail Wright et al.
In Ambient Intelligent environments, information not only resides in one node but is distributed between many therefore every single node within the system needs to be protected Espiner, Ambient intelligence is beginning to have an influence on the market place today. Some of these products are at early stages and some are in niche markets.
This alarm clock with a lux light bulb can be used by anyone to help them wake up more naturally by dawn simulation - so replicating waking up as nature intended - by sunlight. This means people feel more refreshed and ready to hit the day rather than being woken abruptly by a loud, sudden beeping. In fact you can set it to 3 natural sounds morning birds, seashore, pond or your favorite digital FM radio station. What is the relationship with Ambient Computing and an alarm clock?
Well the clue may be in the manufacturers of this product Each day, our lives become more dependent on 'embedded systems', digital information technology that is embedded in our environment. This includes not only safety-critical applications such as automotive devices and controls, railways, aircraft, aerospace and medical devices, but also communications, 'mobile worlds' and 'e-worlds', the 'smart' home, clothes, factories etc.
All of these have wide-ranging impacts on society, including security, privacy and modes of working and living. New processors and methods of processing, sensors, actuators, communications and infrastructures are 'enablers' for this very pervasive computing. They are in a sense ubiquitous, that is, almost invisible to the user and almost omnipresent. As such, they form the basis for a significant economic push. The visions surrounding the AMI-space embedded systems everywhere, described in the context of human life as 'ambient intelligence' have considerably influenced the 6th Framework Programme of the IST domain.
An end-to-end systems vision should allow cost-efficient systems to be built with optimal performance, high confidence, reduced time to market and faster deployment.